Throughout history, the Turkish communities have held deep-rooted religious beliefs known as Tengrism and Shamanism. These two belief systems have profoundly shaped the cultural and spiritual heritage of the Turks.
In this comprehensive blog post, we will explore the fundamental principles, beliefs, and the impact of Tengrism and Shamanism on Turkish societies.
Tengrism is a polytheistic belief system where the sky god Tengri is revered as the highest deity. Other gods are associated with natural elements. Mountains, rivers, trees, and other natural entities are considered sacred and held in great respect.
Tengrism incorporates prayers, sacrifices, and rituals that play a significant role in maintaining natural balance, seeking abundance, and healing. So, special holidays and ceremonies are central to the religious life of the community.
Tengrism acknowledges the existence of an afterlife. That is, after the soul dies, it merges with other existing spiritual beings and continues its journey in the spiritual world.
Shamanism is a belief system where shamans, individuals who can communicate with nature, spirits, and spiritual entities, serve as mediators. Shamans enter a trance-like state to establish communication with spirits. They fulfill roles such as healing, divination, and guiding the community.
Shamanism attributes great significance to natural elements and spiritual beings. Shamanic rituals involve various elements such as sounds, dances, songs, and symbols. So, these rituals aim to bring healing, protection, abundance, and balance. Shamans address the spiritual needs of the community and hold important roles in societal events.
Tengrism and Shamanism represent the ancient religious beliefs of the Turks, deeply ingrained in their cultural and historical identity. These belief systems emphasize respect for nature, establishing a connection with spirits, and maintaining natural harmony. Even today, traces of these ancient beliefs can be observed within Turkish communities, kept alive as part of their cultural heritage.